The fishing reel is the main gear during the fishing activity, how much do you know about it?

After reading this article, you will have a total understanding of the fishing reel and can have the ability to choose the best fishing reel by yourself.


A. The Category

1. Spinning Reel

1.1 Overview

Its main axis direction is consistent with the outgoing direction. The spool is separated from the transmission part of the fishing reel, and the reel handle can be easily interchanged left and right.

When selecting a spinning reel, firstly, testing its stopping clearance, that is, when the one-way rotary switch is closed, the handle is shaken and suddenly stops.

At this time, the spool holder of the reel should also stop rotating immediately without producing the sound of the impact caused by the existence of a gap.

The gap-free stop function ensures that the fish's signal when attacking the lure can be transmitted to the angler's hand in a timely and accurate manner through the line and shaft.

1.2 The Advantages

Low throw difficulty, suitable for throwing light bait, suitable for a long shot, simple structure, convenient disassembly and maintenance, widest application range, and the price is generally lower than the horizontal axis of the same grade.

1.3 The Disadvantages

The accuracy of the throwing and the control in the investment are not as convenient as the horizontal axis reel, and the fishermen can make up for it through practice.

1.4 The Brake System

The brake system of the common spinning reel has two types: front brake and rear brake.

Above the spool is a knob for adjusting the brake. The brake pads of the front brake are installed inside the spool, so it is called the front brake. 

Compared with the rear brake system, the size of the interior of the spool is much larger than the space in which the rear brake system is mounted inside the transmission.

Therefore, the front brake system can use one or more sets of large diameter brake pads, and the spacious installation space and the metal spool also provide good brake pad heat dissipation performance.  

The brake system of the rear brake is installed at the rear of the hand crank, so it is called the rear brake.
akataka spinning reel brake

                                            Akataka rear brake system

The rear brake system is installed inside the gearbox of the reel. Due to the limitation of the space, the brake system can only use small-diameter brake pads.

In order to provide sufficient braking force, multiple sets of brake pads are adopted.

Therefore, the overall braking performance is inferior to the front brake system, which is why the sea fishing reel and the boat fishing generally adopts the design method of the rear brake.

The advantage of the rear brake is that the adjustment knob is located at the rear of the reel, close to the hand crank, and it is more convenient to adjust the brake than the front brake system.

You can choose different design methods according to your needs.


1.5 Trends

Easy to use, a wide range of applications, lightweight is a very important purchase consideration for spinning reels in the long-term operation.

In general, the best choice for spinning reel selected is no more than 4000, but there are still different options for use.

For example, sea fishing requires a larger fishing reel to be sufficient for the line amount of capacity.

In recent years, the trend toward the use of braided line has been adopted. Because the braided line has a small diameter line and strong knot strength.

In order to save the amount of braided line, there is a model with a light line reel on the market.

In addition to saving space and there is no need to waste money wrapping the braided line to its full capacity.

The larger inner diameter of the reel can also effectively increase the efficiency of the winding.

The early spinning reel spools were mostly engineering plastics, and now they are generally aluminum alloys or aerospace aluminum alloy spool.

akataka reel spool

The low transmission design ratio makes it possible to remove giant objects from the deep sea.

In order to cooperate with the vigorous operation, the integrated powerful rocker is often used.
This kind of spinning reel is suitable for fishing big foreign fish.

1.6 Category

According to its function and use, the spinning reel is roughly divided into automatic relief reel, hand brake reel, and automatic hand brake dual function reel.

1.6.1 The Automatic Relief Reels

The automatic relief reels are divided into front-mounted and rear-mounted, and the rear-mounted type has been eliminated because of the complicated structure and damage.

The automatic relief reels apply pressure to the wool brake pad through adjusting screw valve on the top of the wheel to generate brake resistance.

The tightness depends on personal habits and actual conditions.

Generally speaking, it is not advisable to be too tight. Of course, it is not too loose.
When using a rod with dense guides rings, it should be loose.

When the fish hooks at high speed, you must not tighten the pressure. Instead, use your finger to press the spool to apply a slight pressure to relieve the force of the fish.


1.6.2 The Hand Brake Reel

The hand brake reel applies pressure to the spool through the brake bar. It is characterized by an instant stop and an instantaneous release.

It is suitable for fishing for target species that have the habit of drilling holes or there are more obstacles under water. Mostly used for rock fishing.

Because of its small tolerance, it is not suitable for beginners. It is also not suitable for fishing in other freshwater environments.

1.7 The High-End Spinning Reels

The high-end spinning reels are mostly using tight parallel roll technique to be perfectly arranged in the spool under no load circumstances. Greatly avoid the problem of chaos and loose lines.

The low-resistance spools are mostly designed and developed for the PE line, making it extremely easy to throw.

1.8 Notes

When using a spinning wheel, special care should be taken to avoid scratching the front edge of the spools. Do not place it on the concrete floor. Once this position is rough, it will greatly affect the smoothness of the throw.

The internal structure of the spinning reel is very complicated. If it is not necessary, it is best not to disassemble it at will.

Usually, after fishing, if the reel body is dirty, just rinse with water, and some protective oil can be dropped on the bearing and other parts.


2. Baitcasting Reel


2.1 Overview

The name of the baitcasting reel is named after its streamlined fashion shape, shaped like a drop of water. 

The main axis of the baitcasting reel is perpendicular to the direction of the outgoing line.

When the bait is thrown, the rod is swung and drives the lure to pull the connected line out of the spool.

It is not like the spinning reel that outlet line through opening the spool holder.

The directivity of the baitcasting reel is higher than that of the spinning reel, but it is light-bait throwing ability is not as good as spinning reel because it needs to drive the spool to rotate when the line is out.

Therefore, in general, the throwing accuracy of the baitcasting reel is higher than that of the spinning reel.

The spinning reel can play its respective advantages when it is necessary to throw the light bait and the long shot and the sea fishing.


2.2 Category

The baitcasting reel is mainly divided into two types: magnetic brake reel and centrifugal brake reel.

2.2.1 Magnetic brake Reel

Magnetic brake wheel, its main feature is there is an external magnetic adjustment knob, 0-10 adjustable, 10 for maximum braking force.

 Magnetic brakes are more suitable for throwing heavier baits and cast farther.

akataka baitcasting reel

2.2.2 Centrifugal Brake Reel

its main feature is the side cover is very convenient to open, control the braking force mainly through adjusting the brake bean position, it is the maximum braking force when the brake bean is pushed to the outermost layer.

Centrifugal brake is more suitable for light bait throwing, and it is more difficult to a birds nest.

There are also some products that place the centrifugal force adjustment switch on the outside. But most of them are placed inside

Note: The two brake systems have the same set except for the brake adjustment switch appearance.


2.3  Common Part Names

2.3.1 Star plate (discharge force when adjusting the rocker)

akataka baitcasting reel
2.3.2 Spindle adjustment screw (next to the star plate to adjust the smoothness of the outlet).

2.3.3 Outlet line button (when pressed, the reel can be out of the line, you can reset it by shaking the handle)

2.3.4 Magnetic adjustment knob (marked with 0-10 brake force)


2.4  Adjustment Method

Taking the magnetic brake reel as an example.

2.4.1 First, point the magnetic adjustment knob to the scale 10. Let the reel has the maximum braking power.

2.4.2 Raise the rod 45 degrees, adjust the "spindle adjustment screw", so that the lure can fall quickly and smoothly. After the lure falls into the water, the bobbin will continue to rotate. Only this, you can get the best throw distance.

2.4.3 Star plate, can be adjusted to the tightest, or have the state of the line unloading force.

Adjustment is complete!


2.5 Throwing Method

Special attention should be paid to the baitcasting reel!

First, the fake lure is controlled at a position of about 10 cm from the tip of the rod, and then the tip of the rod is pointed at the position of 4 o'clock and the bait is swung to the direction of 10 o'clock.

Note the point trajectory of the pole tip movements 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. Just like playing a golf swing.

Strength: At the beginning, you can use moderate force. You can use a strong swing after a few more workouts.

Technical focus: After the bait is thrown, your eyes will start to look at the fake bait movement.

Before the fake bait falls to the distance of 10CM-20CM, you should use the thumb to hold the reel so that the reel does not turn any more, no outlet line, no birds nest.

Some people may ask: What happen if you don't hurry to hold the reel?

If you really don't hurry to hold the reel, the situation of birds nest will appear, sometimes it is serious, sometimes it is only very slight, as long as you use the hand to pull the line 40-50CM or so.

If your thumb is well controlled, the baitcasting reel is very fun.


2.6 Matters Needing Attention and Supplement

2.6.1 When practicing, please use a cheap nylon line to avoid unnecessary waste.

2.6.2 The number of nylon threads recommended is 2-3.

2.6.3 When approaching a short distance, use the hooking method to swing the lure out and reach the desired point.

2.6.4 In order to pursue a long distance, please adjust the "magnetic adjustment knob" according to the weight of the bait to move toward a smaller braking force, find a balance between the birds nest and the long distance, and maximize your baitcasting reel to the limit.

2.6.5 Please use a heavier and larger lure for practice throwing. It is not suitable to use heavy lead instead. (Heavy lead is not conducive to visual inspection of the moment before it falls into the water)

2.6.6 In order to cast a farther distance, it is recommended to use a super hard rod!

2.6.7 It is not recommended to use a baitcasting reel to throw a lure of 4 grams or less.

Although I can throw 2 grams of lead hook + small worms to 7-8 meters, the light bait is always the advantage of the spinning reel.


2.7 Birds Nest

It is a problem that often occurs when playing a baitcasting reel.

This is caused by the fact that the rotation of the spool and the amount of line are not synchronized during the throwing process.

The actual reason is that during the lure is in the water or in the flight.

The change of the wind direction and power affect the flight speed and the spool continues to outlet the line so that a large number of slack fishing lines cannot be pulled out of the reel to reverse the spool and wrap it up.

The angler who first played the baitcasting reel is prone to the phenomenon of backlashes because they are not accustomed to the method of throwing the bait and the adjustment of the reel.

It is recommended that the friend who just touched the baitcasting reel should firstly use the waste line and the larger weight of plumb bob to practice.

It is best to use more than 7 grams of lures when using a baitcasting reel.


3. Round Baitcasting Reel


akataka bound baitcasting reel

3.1 Overview

The internal structure of the round baitcasting reel is similar to that of the baitcasting reel and is a layout in which the main axis is perpendicular to the outlet mode. 

Due to the drum shape, the internal space of the transmission is larger than that of the baitcasting reel.

The size of the main drive gear and the main drive shaft are also increased to provide more powerful twisting force or to withstand greater fish pull.

The round baitcasting reel and the baitcasting reel are basically identical in construction principle, except that some components are in different positions. 

The SVS brake adjustment of a most round baitcasting reel is on the same side as the spool friction adjustment knob, while the SVS brake adjustment of the baitcasting reel and the spool friction adjustment knob are designed on both sides.

The volume of the baitcasting reel is relatively small, the weight is relatively light, and the storage line is small, which is suitable for the requirement of multiple throwing in short distance during fishing, so as to reduce the physical exertion of the angler. 

In addition, the positions of the center of gravity of the two types of fishing reels are different, the center of gravity of the baitcasting reel is positioned forward, and the round baitcasting reel is at its center position.

The round baitcasting reel and the baitcasting reel are divided into a left- hand reel and a right-hand reel, and the handle cannot be interchanged. 

In addition to bait fishing, round baitcasting reels are often used in the boat fishing.

Since the round baitcasting reel's cable gauge does not perform the cable movement when it is out of the line, the round baitcasting reel is needed to disassembly when used as a boat fishing iron wheel to prevent the fishing line and the machine parts from being damaged when the fish struggles to escape the line. Use the finger to drive the line when winding. 

In the case of bait throwing, the round baitcasting reel is also as easy to birds nest as the baitcasting reel. In addition to a lot of practice, the adjusting method is the same as the baitcasting reel.

Since the baitcasting reels are basically the same size, the dragging force is basically the same, so they are not suitable for fishing with too large size.

Round baitcasting reels have many types. The angler can vary according to the size and strength of the target fish, the amount of line to choose round baitcasting reels' sizes.


 3.2 The Initial Adjustment Of The Reel

The following suggestions do not allow you to throw far away, but can effectively prevent the occurrence of birds nest. And can make your throwing more smooth and easy.

Let's not worry about how to control your spool with your thumb. Just follow the instructions below carefully.

3.2.1 Adjust the tension of the spool (use round small button on the side of the handle):

First, adjust to your lure or lead drop have a little slip, but not slide to the ground when you are slightly shaken. This is a suitable tightness for beginners.

Our current goal is to control rather than throw distance.


3.2.2 Adjusting the brakes: Magnetic brake system: you can adjust with the adjustment button.

Rotate this knob to 75-80% of the brake force.

Magnetic brakes, the general regulator is on the outside, and it is also adjusted inside. Centrifugal Brake System:

Most reels need to open the side cover without the handle to see the centrifugal brake system at the end of this spool.

Turn four of the six small sleeves to the "on" position (this position allows the small sleeve to protrude but not fall out).


3.3 Your First Overcast

First, tie a 15-gram lead drop on the line. This will allow you to have a perceptual understanding of the harmony between the rod and the reel, and also make it easy to get started.

Hold the lead on the tip of the rod. Hold your hand horizontally (if you are not left-handed).

It is like using the tip of the rod in the direction of the front of the finger. Turn the handle of the reel to the direction of the vertical upwards, just like holding a tennis racket.

3.3.1 Grip Gesture

Press the thumb on the spool and press the outlet switch firmly.

The pressure on the thumb remains constant to control the plumb bob.

Keep the pressure on your thumb and never let go! 

3.3.2 Actual Operation Steps

Raise the rod vertically above the head at about 2:00 o'clock. Like you want to slap a high ball.

Use your forearms and wrists to sway forward like a nail on the wall in front of you. But the action is slightly softer than nailing.

Do not loosen the thumb that holds the spool!

Repeatedly practice several times to find the feeling.

Don't use too much energy, now is not the time to force. Action

Practice the above steps and start your first throw.

Swing as you practice, when your rod tip points to the 12:00 o'clock direction, release your thumb, let the lead weigh fly out, keep the tip in the direction of 10:00-9:00 o'clock direction, let the lead weight fly forward.

Repeatedly practice a few times, still don't make a big effort, don't be afraid to throw it away, now it's just learning to control, now you don't need to backlashes. Further Distance

Learn to use your thumb to control and throw further distances: after you have a good experience and feeling about the above exercise steps.

You can gradually relax the spool tension adjustment and reduce the number of brake covers.

At the same time, rely more on your thumb to apply or reduce pressure on the spool to balance the initial speed of the spool and the deceleration during the lead flying to prevent the birds nest and throw away from being more precise.

Remember, whenever your thumb can't completely leave the spool, especially when the spool is spinning at high speed.

This is the key to ensuring successful throwing! 

The thumb plays an important role at the end of the throw.

When your bait just hits the surface of the water, use your thumb to brake the reel that is still flying to ensure the drop location and no birds nest.

Train your thumb slowly until it replaces your spool tension knob.

After the button is fully opened, use your thumb to prevent the spool from moving left and right.

After adapting to and proficient in short throws, you can slowly reduce the brakes covers to reach a farther throw distance.

I hope that you can finally master the smooth throwing. Advanced

You can also go ahead and throw it in the direction without lifting it to 2:00 o'clock.

Use the elasticity of the rod and the weight of the bait to shoot the bait out.

This will allow you to use a smaller movement and physical strength to complete the farther throw.

If you haven't left halfway to learn here, try to make your bait no longer close to the tip and relax your bait about 10CM, which makes it easier to store energy and use the rod elastic to cast.

This kind of throwing method should watch out for baits that get caught on the end of the pole or in the guide ring, so don't make any scorpions!  Distance or Accuracy

Many seniors will say: I put too much energy into the throwing distance, but I don't care about the accuracy.

But I noticed that most beginners who used spinning reels, they care that throwing distance is far better than accuracy.

This is an indisputable fact.

But once they reach the desired distance, they will go back and put more attention on the accuracy.

Again and again, the obstacles and the wrong target are the motives for their transformation.

Finally, if you can master the basic throwing method, and you can control your round baitcasting reel with ease, then you should return to the old practice of "practice, practice, and practice".

For farther distances, higher precision, and more skills, you have to -- practice, practice, and practice!!


B. The Comparison of Three Kinds of Reels

1. Overview

The transverse wheel (baitcasting reel, round baitcasting reel) and spinning reel have their own advantages in use. Usually, there are several misunderstandings in the understanding of this problem for beginners:

1.1 The beginners only use spinning reels, and the masters use a round baitcasting reel.
1.2 The round baitcasting reel is thrown more accurately than the spinning reels.
1.3 The spinning reel is thrown farther.

Regarding these questions, I would like to talk about my personal views based on the knowledge I have come into:
1.1 In terms of price, both types of reels have entry-level and advanced, and there is no absolute noble. 
1.2 In terms of shape, the shape of the round baitcasting reel is more compact and stylish. 
1.3 The difference in actual use, the difference is not in the novice and master, but in the environment used.

2. The same thing: the throwing distance is as far as the same.

Depending on the weight, shape, weight transfer technology of the bait, the length of the pole, the action, the material of the thread, the thickness, the elasticity, the wire cup line fullness or not, user's throwing skills, etc.

3. The accuracy of the throwing is the same.

When the angler does the throwing action from left to middle or from right to middle, no matter which reel is used, because there is an action with a finger to press the line first (for spinning reels using the index finger, the round baitcasting reel with the thumb), and then to throw, the process of releasing the line at the moment when the rod points forward.

So taking the commonly used bait from the right to the front of the body as an example, the goal is to throw the bait directly in front.

When throwing out the bait, let go of the line too early, the drop point of the bait will be to the right, release the line too late, the drop point of the bait will be left, you need the rich experience of throwing skill to throw the bait in the positive in front.

4. The accuracy of the throwing is not the same.

When using the top throwing method (that is, after the rod is erected through the top of the head, the bounce is again passed over the top of the head and the bait is thrown forward), the bait is always flying straight ahead, assuming flight in the order of passing through three points A, B, and C, the method of spinning reel to stop the bait can be used:

4.1 Use a non-holding rod hand to block the line
4.2 Use the index finger of the holding hand to extend to the top the line cup.

Above are not easy to stop the bait accurately at any point in A, B, C, because this both methods are to make the bait stop in time, not good control, but the drop point of the bait can still be near the punctuation.

Because the round baitcasting reel is rubbed with the thumb on the wire cup, it can make the bait have a slowing process in the air.

Finally, in time, according to the stop cup, the bait can be accurately stopped at any point of A, B, C. Easy to control.

5. When using the down to up throwing method.

The round baitcasting reel is the best, provided that the position of the person is better than the water surface, such as standing on the boat, on the shore.

It is best to find something to cripple, then use the non-holding hand with the bait, control the cup with the hold rod thumb, loose the bait when pulling the pole from the bottom to up, the bait begins to fly straight ahead.

At this time, the control of the thumb can stop the bait at any points in the line where it flies. This is also the case with the most accurate use of the round baitcasting reel, the master can throw the bait into a small cup that 10 meters away.

It is difficult to control the landing point of the bait when the spinning reel is used in the throwing method. The reason is similar to the over-topping method.

6. Differences

6.1 The spinning reel is a spiral-shaped outlet.

When the line is taken up, the angle between the pulling force of the fish and the turning force of the line is nearly 90 degrees.

Therefore, the strength of the line is not as good as that of the round baitcasting reel.

But once is in the big fish, when the ventilator is completely locked and the fish continues to bite the line and rushes out, the non-stubbing palm can be used to rub the wire cup to reduce the breakage of the big fish.

The round baitcasting reel is a straight receiving line. The strength of the rewinding is greater than that of the spinning reel.

It is often used to recover the large bass in the obstacle area.

The fish is strongly recovered after the fish, avoiding the fish drilling deep into the obstacle, but the round baitcasting reel is in big fish, the ventilator is completely locked, and the fish continues to bite the line and rush out.

It is impossible to press the cup with the power of the thumb.

6.2 In the match with the bait

The round baitcasting reel should be matched with a heavy bait.

If it is too light, it will not be easy to throw away, and it is easy to cause birds nest.

The light bait of the spinning reel can match with any weights baits.

6.3 Sea fishing

Most of the time is to fish on the boat, the spinning reel is generally produced to 7000 ~ 9000 models have been capped, and the bigger one is very cumbersome, can not become a whole with the rod, and often the rod is fixed on the ship's side with a frame shovel.

The bait or the iron plate road is not thrown, so it is placed directly in the water along the side of the ship. At this time, the fishing boat uses the round baitcasting reel.


C. Parameter Introduction

1. Bearings Quantity

There are such numbers on the fishing reels, such as 6+1, 9+1, 10+1, etc.

This is the number of bearings, the more bearings mean the reel is more smooth, the gears are not easy to wear, the service life is longer, and the hand feels light when rocking.

2. Line Speed Ratio

The line speed ratio is usually indicated on the reel. It is the ratio of the rotation degree of the reel and the amount of the retracted line.

When the reel crank is rotated one revolution(360°), the fishing line is calculated by winding the number of turns in the winding groove.

If the reel has a speed ratio of 5.5, when the handle is rotated one turn, the fishing line of five and a half turns is recovered.

The higher the speed ratio, the faster the wire take-up speed.

The diameter of the fishing line is different, the speed of the line taken up is not the same, the diameter of the winding groove is large, the speed ratio is higher, the line taken up is faster.

3. Line Capacity

Indicates the length of the fishing line that can be loaded, usually expressed as 2000, 3000, 4000, 5000, etc. The larger the value, the more the amount of thread.

D. Conclusion

Fishing reels can be divided into three main forms: spinning reel, baitcasting reel, and round baitcasting reel.

Generally, beginners can learn from the spinning reel first.

After mastering the basic operation and throwing techniques, they can advance to the use of the baitcasting reel and round baitcasting reel.

This time it is mainly about the general classification and conventional parameters of the fishing reel.

In the following articles, I will do a detailed introduction for each kind of fishing reel.